Talking about politics, especially Indian Politics is very interesting. This article will invite you to talk about it. Are you interested in it? Let’s start to discuss it!
The General View of India
India is a country in which it is a former colony of British which officially got independence on August 15, 1947, politically. Well, previously, in 1946, the National Government of India started to be established, with a certain aim to form or build an independent Republic country in 1947. And, in 1947, exactly on August 15, the Indian Independence Law came into force, then, since this time, the Indian rule of the British colony was really given to India in which the majority of the society was a Hindu. First India’s Prime Minister is Jawaharlal Nehru. In 1950 then, the Indian Republic country was proclaimed in 1950 and the Prime Minister at that time was still Jawaharlal Nehru.
The System of Indian Government
India’s country follows the government system of the Parliamentary Republic and embraces the democracy of parliamentary with two chambers and with a political system of multiparty. The Lok Sabha (people’s assembly) is the name of the lower house in which its members are 545. Then, the Rajya Sabha (state assembly section) is the name of the upper house in which its members are 250. There are three components of the Indian government, they are legislative, executive, and also judiciary bodies. The President leads the cabin of an executive in which the president is the State Head and runs directly his power or through the officers of subordinate to him.
The central government’s executive power is exercised or done by a cabinet in which they consist of some ministers with a prime minister as the leader. In every country, a President, legislature, and also the court will appoint directly a governor. Whereas, to lead the government of federal or union, a President is accompanied by his deputies in which they are elected or chosen by a council of voting composed of the state or center legislature members. The executive body power is actually limited. The Law has regulated it and the legislature has overseen also elected it.
In the parliament or branch of legislative, the leader is the Indian highest legislative body which is called Sansad in which it consists of the Lok Sabha or lower house and Rajya Sabha or the upper house.
The Election and Political Parties
In Indian Politics, a system of election in India is a system of a simple majority. An election that is perfectly important in India is an election that aims to choose the Lok Sabha or the lower house’ members. It can be said very important because the elected Indian President usually will elect the Indian Prime Minister from any party or the parties of the coalition which control or dominate most seats in the Lok Sabha.
Even the Lok Sabha has shared the power of legislative with the Rajya Sabha or upper house, the Rajya Sabha does not own some privileges in which Lok Sabha have them such as a right for filing a motion of no belief to the government of the chosen prime minister and also some rights which related to the budget or finance of a state. However, both Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha can depose jointly the Indian President from his own position
The elected members of Lok Sabha which have spread to 35 countries and regions of Union in India exactly uses a system of district, it is ‘the winner will take all’ (or in Indonesia, it is a district level) where every country has their own representation share in the Lok Sabha or lower house. It means that the leader of the party faces a great challenge for adjusting the theme of the campaign at every electoral district.
Those are everything about Indian Politics. May this information be useful for you!